FINANCES TO BE PROBED: Former Gambian leader Yahya Jammeh

Ousted Gambian dictator Yahaya Jammeh has expressed hope to return home and take to a ‘simpler life’ – farming in his home village, Kanilai, 118 kilometres from the capital Bangui.

Youthful Africans take on the perilous journey to Europe.

The development comes as other ordinary Gambians who had undertaken the perilous journey across the Mediterranean Sea seeking a ‘better life’ in Europe owing to challenges like political suppression and poverty, are returning now that the former president is out of power.

Last week, 141 young men returned home, abandoning the illegal, life-threatening ‘Back Way to Europe. It was the first time the International Organization for Migration (IOM) helped repatriate a group of Gambians willing to return home.

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The returnees were part of a group of migrants stranded in Libya and had no money to continue their journey across the Mediterranean Sea. In Libya, a perilous pit stop to Europe, migrants face the threats of illegal detention, trafficking and the Islamic State.

It was a risk that many Gambians were willing to take, rather than deal with poverty and political suppression at home. Despite a small population of less than 2 million, Gambia is one of Africa’s largest per capita people exporters. Last year, 7% of the migrants who arrived in Libya were Gambian, according to the UN Refugee Agency.

“I would rather die than to return empty handed, but I will go home now and work in my country and die there,” said a 35-year-old electric engineer who used all his savings to get to Libya, leaving behind his pregnant wife and young daughter.

There are 460 more Gambians registered in Libya who want to go home, said interior minister Mai Fatty. Newly elected president Adama Barrow has promised that Gambians living abroad are also his priority, bolstered by aid from Europe.

But Jammeh’s departure after 22 years will not be enough to coax the many Gambians who disappeared via the Back Way. Most Gambian migrants fled for economic reasons—risking it all to reach Europe so they could wire money back home. Despite Barrow’s optimism, replenishing looted state coffers and creating opportunities will take time.