70 percent of citizens in Uganda are disappointed and dissatisfied with the country’s direction towards fighting corruption, a survey has proved.
The findings were released by Twaweza in a research brief titled ‘More food, less money: Ugandans’ experiences and opinions on poverty and livelihoods’. The brief is based on data from Sauti za Wanainchi, Africa’s first nationally representative high-frequency mobile phone survey.
The findings are based on data collected from 1,905 respondents across Uganda in November 2018.
According to the survey, citizens were asked if they are satisfied or dissatisfied with the direction that Uganda is taking in the areas of managing the economy, fighting corruption in government, creating income/job opportunities and improving security in the country.
72 percent were completely somewhat dissatisfied with the way the government has handled the economy, 70 percent was disappointed in the way corruption has been handled in the country, while 67 percent were dissatisfied with how the government has handled the problem of solving unemployment in the county.
48 percent of the sample space was however pleased or satisfied with how the security concerns have been handled.
Yesterday President Yoweri Museveni was Chief Walker in Anti-Corruption Walk, aimed at telling the world that he was committed to fighting corruption. He would later say at Kololo Airstrip that among others like the need for material possessions, Ugandan public officials lack integrity which has partly contributed to corruption.
Museveni said he recently followed up a case in which a pupil had been defiled but the police was not serious about the issue. He however did not pledge to the public how his government was going to boost the fight against corruption, apart from mentioning agencies anti-graft agencies like IGG, State House Anti-Corruption Unit and the courts.
A few former top officials in government are serving sentences in Luzira over corruption, though citizens think more should be arrested.
Uganda is the 149 least corrupt nations out of 175 countries, according to the 2018 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International. Corruption Rank in Uganda averaged 115.45 from 1996 until 2018, reaching an all-time high of 151 in 2016 and a record low of 43 in 1996.
The Corruption Perceptions Index ranks countries and territories based on how corrupt their public sector is perceived to be
Corruption constitutes a major challenge for businesses operating or planning to invest in Uganda. The police, the judiciary and procurement are areas where corruption risks are very high and under-the-table cash payments are expected. The core of Uganda’s legal anti-corruption framework is the Anti-Corruption Act, the Penal Code, the Inspectorate of Government Act 2002, the Public Finance Management Act 2015 and the Leadership Code Act 2002 (LCA).
The Penal Code provides instruments to deal with various corruption offenses including embezzlement, causing financial loss, abuse of office and fraud. The LCA is designed to increase transparency and to curb corruption among senior public officials; it also criminalizes attempted corruption, active and passive bribery, extortion, bribery of a foreign public official and abuse of office.
Under the LCA, gifts or donations must be declared if they exceed five currency points in value. Corruption challenges are exacerbated by weak law enforcement, which fuels a culture of impunity. There is no distinction between a bribe and a facilitation payment under Ugandan law.